How to Install R Packages from the Command Line

  • By:Other
  • 2024-05-14
  • 2

Installing R Packages via Command Line: A Quick Guide

When it comes to installing R packages, most users rely on the built-in CRAN repository or the comprehensive RStudio interface. However, sometimes you might find yourself in a situation where you need to install an R package directly from the command line. Whether it’s for automation, scripting, or remote access, knowing how to do this can be invaluable.


Before diving into the installation process, let’s ensure you have the necessary tools. Make sure you have an active internet connection and administrative privileges to install packages on your system.

Step-by-Step Guide

Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you install R packages from the command line:

  1. Open your command line interface (CLI) or terminal.
  2. Type the following command to start the R console:
  3. Once the R console is active, use the following command to install a package (replace package_name with the actual name of the package):
  4. Press Enter and wait for the package to be downloaded and installed.


Let’s install the popular “dplyr” package as an example:

R -e "install.packages('dplyr', repos='')"

Additional Tips

  • You can specify a different repository by changing the repos parameter in the installation command.
  • If you encounter any issues during installation, make sure your R version is up to date and that you have the required dependencies installed.


By following the simple steps outlined above, you can effortlessly install R packages from the command line whenever the need arises. This method can enhance your productivity and make package management more convenient, especially in a script-driven or remote environment.



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